Applied Sport Psychology Personal Growth to Peak Performance

ISBN-10: 0073376531
ISBN-13: 9780073376530
Authors: Jean M. Williams, Jean Williams
List price: $209.33

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Author bio:

RETIRED/EMERITUS as of 2008. Dr. Jean M. Williams is Professor of Clinical Psychology at the University of Arizona. Dr. Williams' training and research interests fall within the realm of psychology of sport and exercise. Her research has focused on the areas of psychology of injury, psychology of excellence, group dynamics and productivity, and exercise and mental health. Specific interests include research questions such as how stress puts individuals at greater risk of injury and the role of coping resources in the stress-injury relationship, whether psychological states (e.g., anciently confidence) influence perception and performance, how exercise improves mental health, and whether…    

Jean M. Williams is a professor emeritus at the University of Arizona where she served in the Department of Exercise and Sport Science and the Department of Psychology. She taught courses in stress and coping and psychology of excellence and consulted with intercollegiate athletes and coaches and with top amateur and professional athletes as well as supervised consulting. Dr. Williams has published nine books (seven edited) and more than 100 research articles and book chapters. Her research focused on psychology of injury, psychology of excellence, group dynamics and productivity, and exercise and mental health. She is a past president, fellow, and certified consultant in the Association of…    


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Product details

Binding: Paperback Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education Number of pages: 640 Dimensions: 7.00" wide x 8.75" long x 0.75" tall Weight: 1.980 lbs. Language: English

Table of contents

Sport Psychology: Past, Present, Future
History of Sport Psychology
History of Sport Psychology in Eastern Europe
Future Directions in North American Applied Sport Psychology
Learning, Motivation, and Social Interaction
Motor Skill Learning for Effective Coaching and Performance
Motor Learning Defined
Phases of Motor Skill Learning
Practice Considerations
Teaching Several Skills: Blocked versus Random Practice
Teaching Several Variations of a Skill: Variable Practice
Whole versus Part Practice
Feedback: Its Functions and Use in Skill Learning and Performance
Diagnosing and Correcting Errors
A Positive Approach to Coaching Effectiveness and Performance Enhancement
The ABCs of Behavior Control
Positive and Aversive Approaches to Influencing Behavior
Positive Reinforcement: Getting Good Things to Happen
Performance Feedback
Motivational Processes and the Facilitation of Quality Engagement in Sport
Believing That One Can: The Construct of Self-Efficacy
Achievement Goals: The Importance of How We Judge Our Competence
Doing It for the Joy: The Determinants of Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination
The Self-Fulfilling Prophecy Theory: When Coaches' Expectations Become Reality
The Expectation-Performance Process
Sport Applications
Behavioral Recommendations for Coaches
Leadership Effectiveness and Decision Making in Coaches
What is Leadership?
Leadership Theories and Implications
Authentic Leadership
Multidimensional Models of Leadership in Sport
Decision Making in Coaches
Evaluating Leadership
Leading Ethically
Developing Leadership within the Team
Developing Morale within the Team
The Sport Team as an Effective Group
The Nature of Sport Groups
Group Cohesion
Developing a Team Concept: Correlates of Cohesion
Team Building
Communicating Effectively
Communication Defined
Communication in Sport
Communication and Groups
The Sport Psychologist as a Skilled Helper
Mental Training for Performance Enhancement
Psychological Characteristics of Peak Performance
Overview of Peak Performance
Psychological Characteristics During Peak Experiences in Sport
Flow and Peak Performance
The Individualized Zone of Optimal Functioning
Psychological Attributes and Skills of Successful and Less Successful Athletes
A Profile of Mental Toughness
Team, Coach, Family, and Organizational Influences on Peak Performance
Conclusion: What It Takes to "Make It"
Increasing Awareness for Sport Performance
The Importance of Awareness in Athletics
Awareness as it Relates to Skill Development
Techniques for Developing Awareness
Appendix: Guidelines for Keeping a Sport Journal
Goal Setting for Peak Performance
Goal-Setting Research and Theory
Examining Athletes' and Coaches' Uses of Goal Setting
Goal-Setting Guidelines
A Goal-Setting System for Coaches
Common Problems in Setting Goals
Arousal-Performance Relationships
The Nature of Arousal
Defining Arousal and Related Constructs
The Relationship between Arousal and Motor Performance
Estimating the Relationship between an Athlete's Optimal Arousal and Performance
Relaxation and Energizing Techniques for Regulation of Arousal
Muscle-to-Mind Relaxation Skills and Strategies
Mind-to-Muscle Relaxation Techniques
Skills and Strategies for Learning How to Increase Activation and Energy
Seeing Is Believing: Understanding and Using Imagery in Sport
What Is Imagery?
Does Imagery Work to Enhance Athletes' Performance?
How Does Imagery Enhance Athletes' Performance?
How Do You Set Up an Imagery Training Program?
Imagery Cookbook for Coaches and Practitioners
Case Studies
Appendix A Sample Imagery Script for Competition Preparation
Appendix B Sport Imagery Evaluation
Cognitive Techniques for Building Confidence and Enhancing Performance
Key Definitions: Confidence, Mental Toughness, Optimism, Self-Efficacy
Common Misconceptions about Confidence
Prerequisites for Gaining Confidence
Identifying Self-Talk
Techniques for Controlling Self-Talk
Concentration and Strategies for Controlling It
Attention Control Training Principles
Increasing Awareness of Types of Attention
External Factors: Strategies to Minimize External Distractions
Internal Factors: Strategies to Stay Centered
Implementing Training Programs
Integrating and Implementing a Psychological Skills Training Program
Are Psychological Interventions Effective in Improving Sport Performance?
Who Will Benefit from Psychological Skills Training?
Who Should Conduct the Psychological Skills Training Program?
When Should You Implement a Psychological Skills Training Program?
When Should Athletes Practice Psychological Skills?
How Much Time Should Be Spent in Mental Training?
Setting Up a Mental Skills Training Program
Determining What Skills to Include
Evaluation of Program Effectiveness
Practical Pointers for Teaching Mental Skills
Ethical Considerations for the Coach and Sport Psychology Consultant
Potential Problem Areas
Conducting Psychologically Oriented Coach-Training Programs: A Social-Cognitive Approach
Developing Coach-Training Programs
Implementing Sport Psychology Workshops for Coaches
A Final Word
Summary of Coaching Guidelines
Coach Self-Report Form
Gender and Cultural Considerations
Overview and Framework
The Cultural Context of Sport
Gender and Sexuality
Race, Ethnicity, and Social Class
Cultural Competence in Sport Psychology
Enhancing Health and Well-Being
When to Refer Athletes for Counseling or Psychotherapy
Counseling and Sport Psychology
Differentiating Performance Enhancement From More Problematic Personal Issues
How to start the Referral Process
When Referrals Don't Go Smoothly
More Specific Athlete-Related Issues
Professional Development Tasks for Practitioners and Students
Drug Abuse in Sport: Causes and Cures
Review of Drugs Banned in Sport
Rationale for an Antidrug Policy in Sport
How Widespread Is Drug Abuse in Sport?
Likely Causes of Drug Abuse in Sport
Strategies for Controlling Drug Abuse
Burnout in Sport: Understanding the Process-From Early Warning Signs to Individualized Intervention
Burnout, Dropout, Overtraining, and Staleness
Signs, Symptoms, and Consequences of Burnout
Theories and Models of Burnout in Sport
Examining Burnout in Sport
Monitoring Burnout
Case Study
Injury Risk and Rehabilitation: Psychological Considerations
Factors That Predispose Athletes to Injury
Interventions to Reduce Injury Vulnerability
Athletes' Reactions to Injury
Reacting to Injured Athletes
Teaching Specific Psychological Rehabilitation Strategies
Career Transition among Athletes: Is There Life after Sports?
History and Background
Theoretical Perspectives on Career Transition
Conceptual Model of Career Transition
Stage 1: Causes of Career Termination
Stage 2: Factors Related to Adaptation to Career Transition
Stage 3: Available Resources for Adaptation to Career Transition
Stage 4: Quality of Career Transition
Stage 5: Intervention for Career Transition
Exercise Psychology
Exercise and Mental Health
Plausible Mediators or Mechanisms
Physical Activity Behavior Change
Author Index
Subject Index