Industrial Flow Measurement

ISBN-10: 1556178719
ISBN-13: 9781556178719
Authors: David W. Spitzer
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Binding: Hardcover Publisher: ISA Number of pages: 443 Dimensions: 7.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.25" tall Weight: 2.134 lbs. Language: English

Table of contents

Preface: Why Measure Flow?p. xiii
About the Authorp. xv
About the Bookp. xvii
Acknowledgmentsp. xix
Introductionp. 1
Objectivesp. 1
Prerequisites and Audiencep. 2
Learning Objectivesp. 2
Fluid Flow Fundamentalsp. 3
Introductionp. 3
Temperaturep. 3
Pressurep. 4
Expansion of Liquidsp. 8
Expansion of Solidsp. 8
Expansion of Gasesp. 10
Specific Gravityp. 16
Flowp. 17
Inside Pipe Diameterp. 19
Kinematic Viscosityp. 27
Dynamic (Absolute) Viscosityp. 27
Velocity Profile and Reynolds Numberp. 32
Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Liquidsp. 36
Friction Lossesp. 37
Miscellaneous Hydraulic Phenomenap. 44
Performance Measuresp. 49
Introductionp. 49
Performance Statementsp. 49
Repeatability and Hysteresisp. 53
Linearityp. 54
Accuracyp. 56
Composite Accuracyp. 59
Turndownp. 61
Rangeabilityp. 61
Long Term Stabilityp. 61
Linearization and Compensationp. 63
Introductionp. 63
Linear and Nonlinear Flowmetersp. 63
Gas Flow Pressure and Temperature Compensationp. 65
Liquid Temperature Compensationp. 67
Pressure and Temperature Tap Locationp. 70
Flow Computersp. 70
Multivariable Flowmetersp. 71
Totalizationp. 73
Introductionp. 73
Analog and Digital Flowmetersp. 73
Implementationp. 75
Flowmeter Calibrationp. 79
Introductionp. 79
Calibration Techniquesp. 79
Dry Calibrationp. 81
Verification of Operationp. 85
Measurement of Flowmeter Performancep. 87
Introductionp. 87
Applicable Rangep. 87
Flowmeter Composite Accuracyp. 88
Transmitter Accuracyp. 88
Linearization Accuracyp. 89
Digital Conversion Accuracyp. 90
Indicator Accuracyp. 91
Totalization Accuracyp. 91
Overall Flowmeter System Accuracyp. 91
Miscellaneous Considerationsp. 97
Introductionp. 97
Materials of Constructionp. 97
Piping Considerationsp. 100
Safetyp. 107
Wiringp. 108
Introduction to Flowmetersp. 111
Introductionp. 111
Flowmeter Classesp. 111
Flowmeter Typesp. 113
Introduction to Flowmeter Technology Sectionsp. 115
Differential Pressure Flowmetersp. 117
Introductionp. 117
Orifice Plate Flowmetersp. 117
Other Technologiesp. 151
Magnetic Flowmetersp. 161
Introductionp. 161
Principle of Operationp. 161
Constructionp. 168
Operating Constraintsp. 172
Performancep. 173
Applicationsp. 174
Sizingp. 174
Installationp. 175
Maintenancep. 181
Mass Flowmetersp. 185
Introductionp. 185
Coriolis Mass Flowmetersp. 185
Hydraulic Wheatstone Bridgep. 198
Open Channel Flowmetersp. 201
Introductionp. 201
Weirsp. 201
Parshall Flumesp. 205
Oscillatory Flowmetersp. 211
Introductionp. 211
Fluidic Flowmetersp. 211
Vortex Precession Flowmetersp. 216
Maintenancep. 217
Vortex Shedding Flowmetersp. 218
Positive Displacement Flowmetersp. 245
Introductionp. 245
Helical Gear Positive Displacement Flowmeterp. 247
Nutating Disc Positive Displacement Flowmeterp. 253
Oscillating Piston Positive Displacement Flowmeterp. 256
Oval Gear Positive Displacement Flowmeterp. 261
Piston Positive Displacement Flowmeterp. 270
Rotary Positive Displacement Flowmeterp. 277
Target Flowmetersp. 283
Introductionp. 283
Principle of Operationp. 283
Constructionp. 284
Performancep. 287
Applicationsp. 287
Sizingp. 288
Installationp. 289
Maintenancep. 291
Thermal Flowmetersp. 293
Introductionp. 293
Principles of Operationp. 293
Constructionp. 296
Operating Constraintsp. 298
Performancep. 298
Applicationsp. 299
Sizingp. 299
Installationp. 300
Maintenancep. 300
Turbine Flowmetersp. 303
Introductionp. 303
Axial Turbine Flowmetersp. 303
Other Turbine Flowmeter Designsp. 315
Ultrasonic Flowmetersp. 319
Introductionp. 319
Principle of Operationp. 319
Constructionp. 324
Operating Constraintsp. 325
Performancep. 326
Applicationsp. 327
Sizingp. 327
Installationp. 328
Maintenancep. 329
Variable Area Flowmetersp. 331
Introductionp. 331
Principle of Operationp. 331
Constructionp. 332
Operating Constraintsp. 337
Performancep. 338
Applicationsp. 339
Sizingp. 339
Installationp. 341
Maintenancep. 342
Correlation Flowmetersp. 345
Principle of Operationp. 345
Insertion Flowmetersp. 351
Introductionp. 351
Principle of Operationp. 351
Available Technologiesp. 357
Operating Constraintsp. 361
Performancep. 363
Applicationsp. 363
Sizingp. 363
Installationp. 364
Maintenancep. 366
Bypass Flowmetersp. 369
Introductionp. 369
Principle of Operationp. 369
Types of Bypass Flowmetersp. 370
Factors in Flowmeter Selectionp. 373
Introductionp. 373
Flowmeter Categoriesp. 373
Flowmeter Typesp. 374
Performancep. 375
End Usep. 376
Power Requirementp. 377
Safetyp. 378
Rangeabilityp. 378
Materials of Constructionp. 378
Maintainabilityp. 378
Ease of Applicationp. 379
Ease of Installationp. 379
Installed Costp. 379
Operating Costp. 380
Maintenance Costp. 380
Data Required for Flowmeter Selectionp. 387
Introductionp. 387
Performancep. 388
Fluid Propertiesp. 389
Installationp. 391
Operationp. 392
Future Considerationsp. 393
Riskp. 393
Flowmeter Information Sheetp. 393
Flowmeter Selection Procedurep. 395
Introductionp. 395
Flowmeter Selection Procedurep. 395
Applicationsp. 398
Referencesp. 425
Answers to Exercisesp. 427
Indexp. 439
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